Why Is This City Church Called St Andrew Undershaft?

Ever paid attention to the names of London’s City Churches? Some of them seem a little odd to us now, like St Botolph without Bishopsgate. But these names give us clues to their history. Without meant the literal opposite of within so it refers to the St Botolph church outside the Bishop’s Gate.

A bit more puzzling is St Andrew Undershaft. You might have spotted it on the corner of St Mary Axe and Leadenhall Street?

Today it’s somewhat dwarfed by the Gherkin.

Church Called St Andrew Undershaft

The church has a pretty impressive survival rate having made it through The Great Fire, The Blitz and an IRA bomb in 1992. The current building dates from 1532 but theres been a church on this site since the 12th Century.

So why ‘Undershaft’?

Until 1517 the corner of St Mary Axe hosted a famous maypole that used to be erected on feast days. This monstrous *ahem* shaft was taller than the church’s tower so the church became known as St Andrew Undershaft.

The festivities were abandoned after 1517 because during that year the apprentices of London entered into a particularly violent riot and the City authorities removed the pole.

Across the road and under the Cheesegrater (122 Leadenhall) is a – much smaller – replica of the may pole as a reminder of this history.

Church Called St Andrew Undershaft

But that’s not even the weirdest thing about this church…

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Step Inside

Take a look inside this space and you’ll find the usual monuments and shrines, but one has a particular significance for Londoners.

St Andrew Undershaft was the parish church of John Stow, the author of the Survey of London (1598) that gives us such a  fabulous insight into 16th Century London life.

Church Called St Andrew Undershaft

Photo from London Historians 

You might spot that the quill he’s holding looks very fresh. That’s because every three years a member of the Merchant Taylor Livery Company replaces the quill in a ceremony. The next one will be 20 April 2020!


St Andrew Undershaft is run by the nearby St Helen Bishopsgate. Sometimes if you just walk by you might be able to pop in but if you want to be sure, contact St Helen’s first. You can find out more and contact them here.

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