Vauxhall Park Model Village | Look Up London

History of Vauxhall Park

Vauxhall Park was opened in 1890 by the then Prince of Wales (later, King Edward VII) but its origin story takes us back to a remarkable couple in the mid 1880s.

History of Vauxhall Park | Look Up London

In 1875 Millicent Garret Fawcett and Henry Fawcett rented 51 South Lambeth Road. The terraced house was within the Lawn Estate on South Lambeth Road but set back and with a large garden to the rear.

I’ve highlighted the terrace in yellow below.

1862 – 1871 Edward Stanford, Library Map of London and its Suburbs

Today you can find a plaque and Mulberry tree marking the house of Henry and Milllicent within Vauxhall Park.

Meet the Fawcetts

Millicent Fawcett was a politician, writer and activist. She’s most famous for her role in the women’s suffrage campaign and was leader of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies from 1897-1919.

In 2018 her statue became the first one of a woman in Parliament Square. 

Millicent Fawcett Parliament square

Henry was an academic, becoming Professor of Political Economy at Cambridge  despite being blinded in an accident aged 24. Later he went into politics, serving as an MP for Brighton and then Hackney. He always supported women’s suffrage and first proposed to Millicent’s older sister Elizabeth Garrett Anderson but she rebuffed his advances to continue her career as a doctor.

(I’ve written about the extraordinary military hospital set up by Elizabeth’s daughter, Louisa here).

Henry Fawcett and Dame Millicent Fawcett by Ford Madox Brown, 1872 NPG 1603 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Despite the 14-year age gap, Henry and Millicent were a true partnership, she supported his political career while he encouraged her career as a writer and activist. There’s a memorial to them both in Westminster Abbey.

The Campaign for Vauxhall Park

In 1884 Henry Fawcett had died aged 51 and the Lawn Estate was sold to a developer who planned to build speculative housing.

Millicent decided to lead the campaign to save the area as a green, open space in Henry’s memory.

Thanks to her network she managed to secure some powerful backing including Octavia Hill’s Kyrle Society (whose aim was to “Bring Beauty Home to the Poor”) and the local Doulton pottery works.

They managed to raise the requisite funds and I’ve outlined the area covered by the park in red below.

1862 – 1871 Edward Stanford, Library Map of London and its Suburbs

The landscape gardener was Fanny Rollo Wilkinson. You might not have heard of Fanny before, but you’ve probably seen her work.

She was the first professionally trained landscape gardener in Britain and worked on around 70 gardens across London including Paddington Street Gardens in Marylebone, Meath Gardens in Bethnal Green and Red Cross Gardens in Southwark.

Red Cross Garden
Red Cross Gardens, Southwark

Today Vauxhall Park is an oasis of green space encircled by busy roads and railways lines but there’s also some fun things to spot within the park itself.

History of Vauxhall Park | Look Up London

The Lavender Fields

Before you see the purple haze, the smell will probably hit you first.

Vauxhall Park Lavender Fields | Look Up London

The mini lavender field was originally planted in 2003 to commemorate 100 years of Vauxhall Motor Cars.

There’s also a human sundial (ie, when you stand on the correct date patch in the centre, your body’s shadow indicates the time).

Vauxhall Park Lavender Fields | Look Up London

The fields were replanted in 2020 with British lavender varieties to better enhance the biodiversity.

When I visit the place was alive with bees and butterflies.

Every year in early September they harvest the lavender and the proceeds made from selling the flowers and oil are put back into the park.

Standing on the site of former bowling greens, is part of a sensory garden named after Henry Fawcett. The plants have been chosen for their scent, texture and bright colours to aid those with visual impairment in memory of Henry.

Model Village

Another delight within the sensory garden, the collection of 6 little houses were presented to Lambeth Council in October 1948 and created by Edgar Wilson.

Vauxhall Park Model Village | Look Up London

There was a similar scheme made for Brockwell Park’s walled garden. Including a mini version of Brixton’s famous Ritzy Cinema.

Brockwell Park Model Village | Look Up London

Funnily enough if you happen to be on the other side of the world you can also find a model village in Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne! They were a gift of thanks after Australia’s help during the Second World War.

Vauxhall Park Model Village | Look Up London

If you think they look a little clumsy, do bear in mind they were made when Edgar was 77 and modelled out of cement. 

They were restored in 2001 and a specially decorated one appeared to commemorate Queen Elizabeth II’s Platinum Jubilee.

Vauxhall Park Model Village | Look Up London

So plenty to see in this lovely green space a short walk from Vauxhall Station!

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  • Vauxhall used to be the scene of much naugtiness in the park in the 18th century,,,

    Nothing much changes does it?

    August 2, 2023 at 7:09 am
  • Sheila


    Is rhe green still in vauxhall park

    August 2, 2023 at 10:57 am
  • Jane Burnett


    This is awesome, Katie! A lovely tribute to the Fawcetts but, perhaps more importantly, the garden is a wonderful gift to those who do not have the means to have their own green space. I wonder how many other gardens like this exist within the capital? Thank goodness the developers did not succeed in taking over this little bit of land!

    August 2, 2023 at 12:48 pm
  • Kathleen Gilchrist


    My grandad William Alfred Nation was the park keeper with the keys. He opened up all the gates starting on Fentiman Road at about 7am. He had a little hut in the swings and looked after the swings. It was about 1948 for 25 years. I played up there every night after school, St Stephens, and he closed all the gates at about 9pm in summer, 7pm in winter. Then sat me on the handlebars of his bike home. Loved those days. Loved Vauxhall Park and the putting green. Xx Kathy Gilchrist ❤️

    December 12, 2023 at 2:07 pm
  • Josephine Sander


    As Henry Fawcett was an MP for Brighton I wonder if Patcham Fawcett boys’ school in Brighton was named after him. It was opposite a girls’ school called Margaret Hardy. Patcham Fawcett does not exist anymore, instead there are flats on the original site.

    February 16, 2024 at 3:17 pm

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