Queenhithe Mosaic: Telling The History of The City

In a quiet spot along the North of the River Thames, you’ll find the Queenhithe Mosaic, an epic 30m artwork that charts the history of the City.

Today it feels like a backwater, but this was actually the birthplace of modern London.

Queenhithe Mosaic

Welcome to Queenhithe, the site where Alfred the Great re-established the City in 886, after it had been abandoned by the Romans.

There’s even a plaque (installed in 1986) which tells you so.


Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

History of Queenhithe

It was recorded in contemporary accounts as ‘Ethelred’s Hythe’ (Hythe or Hithe being a Saxon word for small port) and the goods were sold directly from beached boats.

It’s also shown on the Agas Map, a woodcut map which is one of the earliest depictions of the City.

Queenhithe Mosaic

In the 12th Century the port became known as Queenhithe, so Queen’s Harbour.

Which Queen? Good question. It’s Matilda, an extraordinary 12th Century woman with a complicated story.

In a nutshell Matilda was first an Empress, married to the future Holy Roman Emperor Henry V in 1114. But she was also daughter of the King of England; Henry I. When her elder brother died, she was set to inherit the English throne, but was then usurped by her cousin who became King Stephen I.

Anyway, the link with this spot is that Matilda was granted the tax revenues of imports here.

Queenhithe Mosaic

It’s a scheduled ancient monument and probably the only surviving Anglo-Saxon dock left in the world.

Queenhithe Mosaic

The artwork was commissioned by the City of London and 4C Hotel Group footed the bill. The design is by Tessa Hunkin and Southbank Mosaics put it all together.

Queenhithe Mosaic

Over 30 metres they have to fit in 2,000 years of history. Much like the story of London itself, the River Thames runs through it.

Queenhithe Mosaic

They were also inspired by actual archeological objects found at Queenhithe, picking discarded fragments from the Thames foreshore.

Queenhithe Mosaic

The finds were taken to Southbank Mosaics and washed, so real historic objects are used in the final piece which you can see along the top.

Queenhithe Mosaic

Key moments and historic figures are highlighted along the route.

Queenhithe Mosaic

And I particularly liked the way that from one angle it appears as though William Shakespeare was glancing over to his rebuilt theatre across the River.

Queenhithe Mosaic

Finished in 2014, the artwork ends with more modern scenes; The Blitz and Millennium Bridge.

Queenhithe Mosaic

I also loved the inclusion of animals and marine life in the Thames and there’s a lovely little waving seal at the end!

Queenhithe Mosaic

You can explore the details for yourself by walking along the Thames Path.

More London Inspiration


  • Ida


    Thank You, Id never be able to know less to see it if it weren”t for your great work
    Awesome images and very interesting subjects
    Kind Regards
    Ida Tipping

    July 1, 2020 at 7:23 am
  • Wendy Johnson


    How interesting. Thanks for bringing this to our attention and giving us all the historical information. I’ve never heard of Queen Matilda!

    July 1, 2020 at 3:58 pm

Post a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.